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Microaggressions at work - something that most of us go through at least once in our corporate life.

We've all found ourselves in workplace situations where someone's words or actions have made us feel uncomfortable or offended due to some aspect of our identity. What makes these actions particularly insidious is that often, the person responsible is completely unaware of the harm they've caused.

These subtle but hurtful behaviors are commonly known as "microaggressions," and they have the potential to target various facets of our identity, such as race, gender, sexuality, parental status, socioeconomic background, mental health, or any other defining characteristic.

While microaggressions predominantly affect individuals from historically marginalized groups, it's essential to recognize that they can happen to anyone, regardless of their background or professional level.

For instance, a microaggression directed at a Black woman might manifest as a comment like, "You're not like the other Black people I know," implying that she doesn't conform to stereotypes.

On the other hand, a white male could experience a microaggression like, "You never have to worry about fitting in," suggesting that all white men effortlessly fit in everywhere they go. At their core, microaggressions stem from a harmful assumption: "Because you are X, you must be/like/dislike Y."

These seemingly innocuous comments or behaviours can profoundly impact the well-being and productivity of employees from marginalized backgrounds

In this blog, we'll delve into microaggressions at work, exploring what they are, why they matter, and most importantly, how to address and prevent them in your workplace.

Whether you're a manager aiming to create a more equitable team, an employee looking to navigate these challenging situations, or simply someone interested in fostering a more inclusive society, this guide is valuable.

Let's embark on this journey together to build workplaces where everyone feels valued, respected, and empowered to succeed.

What are microaggressions at work?

Microaggressions at work refer to subtle, often unintentional, and everyday actions or comments that marginalize or negatively affect individuals based on their race, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, or other aspects of their identity.

These actions or comments may not be overtly discriminatory, but they can create a hostile or unwelcoming environment for the targeted individuals.

Microaggressions can be delivered through verbal, nonverbal, or environmental cues and can be challenging to detect and address because they often operate on a subconscious level.

Microaggression examples at work

Microaggressions at work are subtle, often unintentional behaviors or comments that convey negative or harmful stereotypes about a person's race, gender, age, sexual orientation, or other characteristics. These microaggressions can create a hostile or uncomfortable work environment and harm employee morale and well-being.

Here are some examples of microaggressions at work that can occur:

1. Racial microaggressions

  • Making comments about someone's accent or language proficiency.
  • Assuming that all individuals of a certain race or ethnicity share the same cultural background or experiences.
  • Using racial slurs or offensive jokes, even if meant as humor.
  • Asking invasive questions about someone's racial or ethnic background.
  • Praising a person of color for being "articulate" or "well-spoken," implying surprise.

2. Gender microaggressions

  • Interrupting or talking over female colleagues in meetings.
  • Making jokes or comments that belittle or stereotype women.
  • Assigning traditionally gendered tasks or roles, such as assuming women will take meeting notes or make coffee.
  • Using gendered language like "hey guys" to address a mixed-gender group.
  • Assuming that older employees are less tech-savvy or adaptable.
  • Making jokes about a colleague's age or calling them "grandma" or "grandpa."
  • Disregarding or discounting the ideas or contributions of younger employees.

4. Sexual orientation microaggressions

  • Making derogatory comments or slurs related to someone's sexual orientation.
  • Assuming that everyone is heterosexual or that a same-sex couple is "just friends."
  • Excluding LGBTQ+ colleagues from workplace social events or discussions.

5. Disability microaggressions

  • Using derogatory terms or phrases related to disabilities.
  • Offering unsolicited advice or assistance to colleagues with disabilities.
  • Assuming that people with disabilities are less capable or competent.
  • Commenting on someone's appearance or weight.
  • Making assumptions about a person's background based on their physical appearance.
  • Critiquing or making jokes about someone's clothing choices.

7. Microaggressions based on religion

  • Making insensitive remarks about a colleague's religious practices or beliefs.
  • Assuming that all members of a particular religion hold the same beliefs or values.
  • Excluding or isolating colleagues because of their religious practices.

It's essential for both employees and employers to be aware of these microaggressions and actively work to create a more inclusive and respectful workplace culture. Training, open communication, and promoting diversity and inclusion initiatives can help address and prevent microaggressions at work.

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How to deal with microaggressions at work

Dealing with microaggressions at work can be challenging, but it's essential to address them to maintain a healthy and inclusive work environment. Here are steps you can take if you experience microaggressions at work:

1. Self-awareness

Understand what just happened and acknowledge that it was a microaggression rather than brushing it off or internalizing it.

2. Stay calm and composed

Keep your emotions in check: responding with anger or frustration may escalate the situation. Try to stay composed and collected.

3. Choose your battles

Determine whether the microaggression warrants a response. Some instances may be unintentional or not worth engaging in a confrontation.

4. Educate

If you feel comfortable, you can politely and calmly educate the person responsible for the microaggression about why their comment or behavior was inappropriate. Use "I" statements to express your feelings, e.G., "I felt uncomfortable when you said..."

5. Seek support

Discuss your experiences with trusted coworkers or supervisors who may offer support and guidance.

6. Document incidents

Document instances of microaggressions, including dates, times, locations, witnesses, and the specific comments or behaviors. This documentation may be valuable if you decide to escalate the issue.

7. Direct communication

If you believe it's appropriate and safe, have a private conversation with the individual responsible for the microaggression. Explain how their behavior affected you and why it was inappropriate.

8. Report to HR or management

If the issue persists or escalates, consider reporting it to your company's human resources department or management. Provide them with your documentation and ask for their support in addressing the issue.

9. Use company resources

Many organizations have diversity and inclusion programs, training, or committees in place to address workplace issues. Seek assistance from these resources when necessary.

10. Employee assistance programs (EAP)

EAPs can provide confidential counselling and support for employees dealing with workplace issues, including microaggressions.

In extreme cases, you may need to consult with an attorney or take legal action if the microaggressions constitute workplace discrimination or harassment and are not adequately addressed by your employer.

12. Self-care

Practice self-care to manage stress and emotional impact. This may include seeking support from friends, family, or a therapist.

Remember that addressing microaggressions can be gradual, and it may take time to see significant change in your workplace culture. It's important to prioritize your well-being and safety throughout the process and seek support when needed.

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How to avoid microaggressions at work

Avoiding microaggressions at work is crucial for creating an inclusive and respectful workplace. Here are five ways to help you prevent microaggressions:

1. Educate yourself

Take the time to educate yourself about different cultures, backgrounds, and identities. Develop an understanding of the experiences and challenges people from diverse backgrounds face. This knowledge will help you recognize and avoid unintentional microaggressions.

2. Practice active listening

Pay attention to your colleagues' words and actively listen to their perspectives. Avoid interrupting or dismissing their experiences. Validate their feelings and experiences by acknowledging them.

3. Think before you speak

Be mindful of the language you use and its impact on others. Avoid making assumptions or stereotypes based on someone's race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or other characteristics. Think about how others may perceive your words.

4. Avoid microinvalidations

Microinvalidations are statements or behaviours that negate or dismiss someone's experiences or identity. Avoid phrases like, "I don't see color" or "You're too sensitive," as these can invalidate a person's experiences. Instead, validate their experiences and show empathy.

5. Seek feedback and be open to learning

Create a culture where colleagues feel comfortable providing feedback if they experience or witness microaggressions. Be open to constructive criticism and willing to learn from your mistakes. Apologize sincerely if you inadvertently offend someone and commit to doing better.

Remember that preventing microaggressions is an ongoing process that requires self-awareness and continuous effort. Promoting diversity and inclusion in the workplace benefits everyone and contributes to a more harmonious and productive work environment.

How does Microsoft address workplace microaggressions

In recent years, Microsoft has taken steps to address workplace microaggressions through various initiatives and programs.

1. Training and education: Microsoft implemented mandatory unconscious bias training for all employees. This training aimed to raise awareness of biases and microaggressions and provided strategies to mitigate them.

2. Inclusive leadership: The company promoted inclusive leadership practices, encouraging managers to create an inclusive and diverse workplace culture actively. They also incorporated diversity and inclusion metrics into performance evaluations for leadership roles.

3. Employee resource groups: Microsoft supported Employee Resource Groups (ERGs) where employees could connect, share experiences, and offer support. These ERGs played a vital role in raising awareness of microaggressions and advocating for change.

4. Reporting mechanisms: Microsoft encouraged employees to report incidents of microaggressions through anonymous reporting mechanisms. They took these reports seriously and conducted thorough investigations.

5. Accountability and consequences: Microsoft emphasized accountability for those engaging in microaggressions. They made it clear that such behaviour was not tolerated and could result in disciplinary action, including termination.

6. Transparency and communication: The company communicated its commitment to addressing microaggressions openly and regularly sharing progress and initiatives with employees.

It's important to note that addressing microaggressions is an ongoing process, and companies must continually adapt their strategies to meet evolving challenges and promote an inclusive workplace.

Other organizations may have implemented their own successful approaches, and it's always a good idea to research recent developments to find more up-to-date examples of brands addressing microaggressions smartly in the workplace.


Addressing and preventing microaggressions at work is a collective effort that benefits everyone in the workplace. We can create a more respectful and equitable work environment by recognizing these subtle but harmful behaviours, taking proactive steps to educate ourselves and our colleagues, and fostering a culture of inclusivity.

Microaggressions may seem small, but their impact is significant. They can erode trust, hinder productivity, and create a toxic work atmosphere.

However, with awareness, open communication, and a commitment to change, we can build workplaces where everyone feels valued, heard, and respected. Together, we can create a better and more inclusive future for all.

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